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One-year-old among new coronavirus cases in Australia

Published: (Updated: ) in Australian News by .

A one-year-old in Queensland is the youngest person to be infected with coronavirus in the state indicating that while children have been largely spared, they are not immune from infection.

A one-year-old has become the youngest person to be infected with coronavirus in Queensland.

The baby was one of 50 new cases of COVID-19 in the state, announced by Queensland Health yesterday.

It is the biggest single-day jump in cases for the state so far.

Children have been largely spared the worst effects of the coronavirus that has now claimed the lives of seven Australians and affected more than 750 others.

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But the new Queensland case, the case of a six-year-old in New South Wales and an eight-month-old in South Australia, make it clear that those under 18 are not immune from infection.

Right now, the data on COVID-19's effects on the young are sparse but some new studies show that some groups including infants may be more vulnerable than others.

A large study published in the American Academy of Pediatrics journal showed that children of all ages in Wuhan, the epicentre of the crisis, were susceptible to COVID-19 and a 14-year-old had died from it.

The researchers analysed information from more than 2000 confirmed and suspected cases of COVID-19 in children that were reported to the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention between January 16 and February 8.

"Although clinical manifestations of children's COVID-19 cases were generally less severe than those of adult patients, young children, particularly infants, were vulnerable to infection," the researchers wrote.

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The study found that young children were more at risk of serious illness than older children were.

For children younger than one, the proportion of critical cases was 10.6 per cent versus 4.2 per cent for children aged one to five.

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"We do know that children tend to have more mild infection, have more mild disease, but we have seen [at least one child] die from this infection," Maria Van Kerkhove, the COVID-19 technical lead at the World Health Organisation, said in a press conference on Monday.

"We can't say universally that it's mild in children, so it's important that we protect children as a vulnerable population."

Coronavirus: what you need to know

How is coronavirus transmitted?

The human coronavirus is only spread from someone infected with COVID-19 to another. This occurs through close contact with an infected person through contaminated droplets spread by coughing or sneezing, or by contact with contaminated hands or surfaces.

How can I protect myself and my family?

 The World Health Organisation and NSW Health both recommend basic hygiene practices as the best way to protect yourself from coronavirus.

Coronavirus: How to self-isolate after landing in Australia | Explainer

Good hygiene includes:

Source: 9News

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